Deworming protocols of island snakes kept in capitivity at the Butantan Institute

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dc.contributorLaboratório de Ecologia e Evolução (LEEV)pt_BR
dc.contributor.authorAraoz, Ana Carolina Canellapt_BR
dc.contributor.authorGarcia, Viviane Campospt_BR
dc.contributor.authorPinto, Celso Martinspt_BR
dc.contributor.authorAlmeida-Santos, Selma Maria dept_BR
dc.identifier.citationAraoz ACC, Garcia VC, Pinto CM, Almeida-Santos SM. Deworming protocols of island snakes kept in capitivity at the Butantan Institute. Archives of Veterinary Science. 2018;23(3):35-42. doi:10.5380/avs.v23i3.58549.pt_BR
dc.description.abstractBothrops insularis and B. alcatraz are critically endangered species inhabiting two different coastal islands of the state of São Paulo. Although they are closely related species, they show distinct morphological characteristics due to their isolation from the continent. There is a general lack of studies on conservation and captive husbandry of these species, including their parasites. Our aim was to evaluate the deworming protocols used in B. insularis and B. alcatraz in captivity. We evaluated three deworming protocols through fecal examination: (1) adult B. insularis were treated with ivermectin and praziquantel, (2) adult B. alcatraz were treated with ivermectin, and (3) juvenile B. insularis and B. alcatraz were treated with ivermectin. The snakes are kept in the Laboratory of Ecology and Evolution at the Instituto Butantan (São Paulo, Brazil) for conservation purposes. To evaluate the deworming protocols, we performed the Willis-Mollay (1921) technique. After treating with the first protocol, 19% of the animals showed only eggs of a pseudoparasite (Syphacia obvelata). After the second protocol, 75% of the animals showed cestodes (Ophiotaenia sp.). After the third protocol, 32% of the animals showed only the pseudoparasite, S. obvelata. The pseudoparasite was found only in B. insularis individuals that ate adult mice in captivity. However, cestode eggs were found only in those adult snakes of the second protocol that did not receive praziquantel. Based on the negative results for pathogenic parasites, we conclude that the first protocol was effective for adult snakes whereas the third protocol was effective for juveniles.pt_BR
dc.description.sponsorshipConselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)pt_BR
dc.description.sponsorshipCoordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES)pt_BR
dc.format.extentp. 35-42pt_BR
dc.publisherUniversidade Federal do Paranápt_BR
dc.relation.ispartofArchives of Veterinary Sciencept_BR
dc.rightsOpen Accesspt_BR
dc.titleDeworming protocols of island snakes kept in capitivity at the Butantan Institutept_BR
dc.contributor.externalUniversidade Metodista de São Paulo (UMESP)¦¦Brasilpt_BR
dc.contributor.externalUniversidade de São Paulo (USP)¦¦Brasilpt_BR
dc.subject.keywordBothrops alcatrazpt_BR
dc.subject.keywordBothrops insularispt_BR
dc.relation.ispartofabbreviatedArchives of Veterinary Sciencept_BR
dc.identifier.citationabntv. 23, n. 3, p. 35-42, 2018pt_BR
dc.contributor.butantanGarcia, Viviane Campos|:Aluno|:Laboratório de Ecologia e Evolução (LEEV)|:Autor de correspondênciapt_BR
dc.contributor.butantanAlmeida-Santos, Selma Maria de|:Pesquisador|:Laboratório de Ecologia e Evolução (LEEV)|:pt_BR
dc.contributor.butantanAraoz, Ana Carolina Canella|:Aluno|:Laboratório de Ecologia e Evolução (LEEV)|:PrimeiroAutorpt_BR
dc.sponsorship.butantanConselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)¦¦pt_BR
dc.sponsorship.butantanCoordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES)¦¦pt_BR
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