Gene silencing based on RNA-guided catalytically inactive Cas9 (dCas9): a new tool for genetic engineering in Leptospira

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dc.contributorLEDV - Laboratório de Desenvolvimento de Vacinaspt_BR
dc.contributor.authorFernandes, Luis Guilherme Vírgíliopt_BR
dc.contributor.authorGuaman, L. P.pt_BR
dc.contributor.authorVasconcellos, S. A.pt_BR
dc.contributor.authorHeinemann, Marcos B.pt_BR
dc.contributor.authorPicardeau, M.pt_BR
dc.contributor.authorNascimento, Ana Lúcia Tabet Oller dopt_BR
dc.identifier.citationFernandes LGV, Guaman L.P., Vasconcellos S.A., Heinemann MB., Picardeau M., Nascimento ALTO. Gene silencing based on RNA-guided catalytically inactive Cas9 (dCas9): a new tool for genetic engineering in Leptospira. Sci Rep. 2019 Feb;9:1839. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-37949-x.pt_BR
dc.description.abstractLeptospirosis is a worldwide zoonosis caused by pathogenic bacteria of the genus Leptospira, which also includes free-living saprophyte strains. Many aspects of leptospiral basic biology and virulence mechanisms remain unexplored mainly due to the lack of effective genetic tools available for these bacteria. Recently, the type II CRISPR/Cas system from Streptococcus pyogenes has been widely used as an efficient genome engineering tool in bacteria by inducing double-strand breaks (DSBs) in the desired genomic targets caused by an RNA-guided DNA endonuclease called Cas9, and the DSB repair associated machinery. In the present work, plasmids expressing heterologous S. pyogenes Cas9 in L. biflexa cells were generated, and the enzyme could be expressed with no apparent toxicity to leptospiral cells. However, L. biflexa cells were unable to repair RNA-guided Cas9-induced DSBs. Thus, we used a catalytically dead Cas9 (dCas9) to obtain gene silencing rather than disruption, in a strategy called CRISPR interference (CRISPRi). We demonstrated complete gene silencing in L. biflexa cells when both dCas9 and single-guide RNA (sgRNA) targeting the coding strand of the ß-galactosidase gene were expressed simultaneously. Furthermore, when the system was applied for silencing the dnaK gene, no colonies were recovered, indicating that DnaK protein is essential in Leptospira. In addition, flagellar motor switch FliG gene silencing resulted in reduced bacterial motility. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first work applying the CRISPRi system in Leptospira and spirochetes in general, expanding the tools available for understanding leptospiral biology.pt_BR
dc.relation.ispartofScientific Reportspt_BR
dc.titleGene silencing based on RNA-guided catalytically inactive Cas9 (dCas9): a new tool for genetic engineering in Leptospirapt_BR
dc.contributor.externalFacultad Ciencias de la Salud Eugenio Espejo (UTE)¦¦Equadorpt_BR
dc.contributor.externalUniversidade de São Paulo (USP)¦¦Brasilpt_BR
dc.contributor.externalInstitut Pasteur (IP)¦¦Françapt_BR
dc.relation.ispartofabbreviatedSci Reppt_BR
dc.identifier.citationabntv. 9, 1839, fev. 2019pt_BR
dc.identifier.citationvancouver2019 Feb;9:1839pt_BR
dc.contributor.butantanFernandes, Luis Guilherme Virgílio|:Aluno|:LEDV - Laboratório de Desenvolvimento de Vacinas|:PrimeiroAutor:Autor de correspondênciapt_BR
dc.contributor.butantanNascimento, Ana Lúcia Tabet Oller do|:Pesquisador|:LEDV - Laboratório de Desenvolvimento de Vacinas|:Autor de correspondênciapt_BR
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