Influence of urban landscape on ants and spiders richness and composition in forests


Publication type
Article
Access rights
Open Access
Appears in Collections:
Metrics
Abstract
As large amounts of natural environments are lost due to urbanization, the role of remnant native vegetation in the preservation of biodiversity has become even more significant. Remnant native forest patches are essential refugia for flora and fauna and are crucial for the maintenance of ecosystem processes in urbanized landscapes. We evaluated the influence of landscape structure on ants and spiders associated with Atlantic Forest remnants in urban landscapes. We sampled 14 forest areas in the Metropolitan Region of Salvador and tested the effect of the landscapes’ proportion of forest cover, mean landscape isolation, and mean landscape shape complexity on the taxonomic and functional richness and the community composition of both groups. The species collected were classified into functional groups based on behavioral attributes and environmental preferences. Overall, there were strong adverse effects of forest loss, decreased connectivity, and an increase in edge effects associated with the mean shape complexity of the forest remnants. However, the spiders responded to all three landscape structure characteristics whereas the ants only responded to the landscape mean shape complexity. Our findings indicate that the maintenance of urban forest habitats is essential for the conservation of biodiversity in the Metropolitan Region of Salvador and the preservation of ecological functions performed by species within the forest areas.
Reference
Melo T.S., Moreira E.F., Andrade A.R.S., Delabie J.H.C., Lopes M.V.A., Peres M.C.L., et al. Influence of urban landscape on ants and spiders richness and composition in forests. Neotrop Entomol. 2021 Jan;in press. doi:10.1007/s13744-020-00824-4.
Link to cite this reference
https://repositorio.butantan.gov.br/handle/butantan/3499
Journal title
Issue Date
2021


Files in This Item:

Existing users please Login
10.1007s13744-020-00824-4.pdf
Description:
Size: 2.07 MB
Format: Adobe PDF
Embargoed until January 1, 2999    Request a copy
Show full item record

The access to the publications deposited in this repository respects the licenses from journals and publishers.