Influence of urban landscape on ants and spiders richness and composition in forests

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dc.contributorLECZ - Laboratório de Coleções Zoológicaspt_BR
dc.contributor.authorMelo, T. S.pt_BR
dc.contributor.authorMoreira, E. F.pt_BR
dc.contributor.authorAndrade, A. R. S.pt_BR
dc.contributor.authorDelabie, J. H. C.pt_BR
dc.contributor.authorLopes, M. V. A.pt_BR
dc.contributor.authorPeres, M. C. L.pt_BR
dc.contributor.authorBrescovit, Antonio Domingospt_BR
dc.identifier.citationMelo T.S., Moreira E.F., Andrade A.R.S., Delabie J.H.C., Lopes M.V.A., Peres M.C.L., et al. Influence of urban landscape on ants and spiders richness and composition in forests. Neotrop. Entomol.. 2021 Jan;50:32-45. doi:10.1007/s13744-020-00824-4.pt_BR
dc.description.abstractAs large amounts of natural environments are lost due to urbanization, the role of remnant native vegetation in the preservation of biodiversity has become even more significant. Remnant native forest patches are essential refugia for flora and fauna and are crucial for the maintenance of ecosystem processes in urbanized landscapes. We evaluated the influence of landscape structure on ants and spiders associated with Atlantic Forest remnants in urban landscapes. We sampled 14 forest areas in the Metropolitan Region of Salvador and tested the effect of the landscapes’ proportion of forest cover, mean landscape isolation, and mean landscape shape complexity on the taxonomic and functional richness and the community composition of both groups. The species collected were classified into functional groups based on behavioral attributes and environmental preferences. Overall, there were strong adverse effects of forest loss, decreased connectivity, and an increase in edge effects associated with the mean shape complexity of the forest remnants. However, the spiders responded to all three landscape structure characteristics whereas the ants only responded to the landscape mean shape complexity. Our findings indicate that the maintenance of urban forest habitats is essential for the conservation of biodiversity in the Metropolitan Region of Salvador and the preservation of ecological functions performed by species within the forest areas.pt_BR
dc.description.sponsorshipMinistério do Meio Ambientept_BR
dc.description.sponsorshipInstituto do Meio Ambiente e Recursos Hídricospt_BR
dc.description.sponsorshipCoordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES)pt_BR
dc.description.sponsorshipConselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)pt_BR
dc.relation.ispartofNeotropical Entomologypt_BR
dc.rightsOpen Accesspt_BR
dc.titleInfluence of urban landscape on ants and spiders richness and composition in forestspt_BR
dc.contributor.externalUniversidade Federal da Bahia (UFBA)pt_BR
dc.contributor.externalUniversidade Católica do Salvador - UCSalpt_BR
dc.contributor.externalUniversidade Estadual de Feira de Santana (UEFS)pt_BR
dc.contributor.externalComissão Executiva do Plano da Lavoura Cacaueira, Centro de Pesquisas do Cacau, Laboratório de Mirmecologia (CEPEC)pt_BR
dc.contributor.externalInstituto Nacional de Ciência e Tecnologia em Estudos Interdisciplinares e Transdisciplinares em Ecologia e Evolução (IN-TREE)pt_BR
dc.contributor.externalCentro de Pesquisas do Cacau (CEPEC/CEPLAC)pt_BR
dc.subject.keywordUrbanization gradientpt_BR
dc.subject.keywordurban forestspt_BR
dc.subject.keywordfunctional diversitypt_BR
dc.subject.keywordecological functionspt_BR
dc.subject.keywordconfigurational heterogeneitypt_BR
dc.subject.keywordcompositional heterogeneitypt_BR
dc.subject.keywordhabitat losspt_BR
dc.subject.keywordhabitat fragmentationpt_BR
dc.relation.ispartofabbreviatedNeotrop. Entomol.pt_BR
dc.identifier.citationabntv. 50, p. 32-45, jan. 2021pt_BR
dc.identifier.citationvancouver2021 Jan;50:32-45pt_BR
dc.contributor.butantanBrescovit, Antonio Domingos|:Pesquisador|:LECZ - Laboratório de Coleções Zoológicaspt_BR
dc.sponsorship.butantanMinistério do Meio Ambiente¦¦33828-1pt_BR
dc.sponsorship.butantanInstituto do Meio Ambiente e Recursos Hídricos¦¦15-2012pt_BR
dc.sponsorship.butantanConselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)¦¦303903/2019-8pt_BR
dc.sponsorship.butantanConselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)¦¦304629/2018-9pt_BR
dc.sponsorship.butantanCoordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES)¦¦pt_BR
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