Bothrops moojeni venom and its components – an overview

Belonging to the Viperidae family, Bothrops moojeni are widely distributed in South America, tropical savanna ecoregion (Cerrado) of Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, and Paraguay with medical importance in Brazil. Accidents caused by this species have a rapid local action with the development of tissue inflammation, causing erythema, pain, and increased clotting time, which can culminate in gangrene or tissue necrosis. Bothrops moojeni venom has a rich composition that remains underexplored, which is of utmost importance, both for elucidating the envenoming process and the vast library of new bioactive molecules kind of venom can offer. This review aims to analyze which components of the venom have already been characterized towards its structure and biological effect and highlight the pharmacological and biotechnological potential of this venom. Although snake venoms have been studied for their toxic effects for generations, innovative studies address their components as tools for discovering new therapeutic targets and new molecules with pharmacological and biotechnological potential.
D’Amélio F, Vigerelli H, Prieto da Silva ARB, Kerkis I. Bothrops moojeni venom and its components – an overview. J. Venom. Res.. 2021 May;11:26-33
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