On the noxious black amazonian scorpion, Tityus obscurus (Scorpiones, Buthidae): taxonomic notes, biology, medical importance and envenoming treatment

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dc.contributorLab. Artrópodespt_BR
dc.contributor.authorMartins, Jonas Gamapt_BR
dc.contributor.authorBordon, Karla de Castro Figueiredopt_BR
dc.contributor.authorMoreno-González, Jairo A.pt_BR
dc.contributor.authorde Almeida, Bruno Rafael Ribeiropt_BR
dc.contributor.authorPardal, Pedro P. O.pt_BR
dc.contributor.authorLira, André Felipe de Araújopt_BR
dc.contributor.authorCandido, Denise Mariapt_BR
dc.contributor.authorArantes, Eliane Candianipt_BR
dc.contributor.authorProcópio, Rudi Emerson de Limapt_BR
dc.date.accessioned2023-04-18T12:47:23Z-
dc.date.available2023-04-18T12:47:23Z-
dc.date.issued2023pt_BR
dc.identifier.citationMartins JG, Bordon KCF, Moreno-González JA., de Almeida BRR, Pardal PP.O., Lira AFA, et al. On the noxious black amazonian scorpion, Tityus obscurus (Scorpiones, Buthidae): taxonomic notes, biology, medical importance and envenoming treatment. Toxicon. 2023 Apr; 228:107125. doi:10.1016/j.toxicon.2023.107125.pt_BR
dc.identifier.urihttps://repositorio.butantan.gov.br/handle/butantan/4865-
dc.description.abstractTityus obscurus has caused mild, moderate and severe accidents of medical relevance in the eastern Brazilian Amazon and French Guiana. Tityus obscurus has sexual dimorphism although males and females have uniform black coloration. In the Amazon, one of the habitats of this scorpion is seasonally flooded forests (igapós and várzeas). However, most stings occur in terra firme forest areas (non-flooded region), where most rural communities are located. Adults and children stung by T. obscurus may experience an “electric shock” sensation for more than 30 h after the sting. Our data shows that people inhabiting remote forest areas, including rubber tappers, fishermen and indigenous people, with no access to anti-scorpion serum, use parts of native plants, such as seeds and leaves, against pain and vomiting caused by scorpion stings. Although there is a technical effort to produce and distribute antivenoms in the Amazon, many cases of scorpion stings are geographically unpredictable in this region, due to the lack of detailed knowledge of the natural distribution of these animals. In this manuscript, we compile information on the natural history of T. obscurus and the impact of its envenoming on human health. We identify the natural sites that host this scorpion in the Amazon, in order to warn about the risk of human envenoming. The use of specific antivenom serum is the recommended treatment for accidents involving venomous animals. However, atypical symptoms not neutralized by the available commercial antivenom are reported in the Amazon region. Facing this scenario, we present some challenges to the study of venomous animals in the Amazon rainforest and possible experimental bottlenecks and perspectives for establishing a method aimed at producing an efficient antivenom.pt_BR
dc.format.extent107125pt_BR
dc.language.isoEnglishpt_BR
dc.relation.ispartofToxiconpt_BR
dc.rightsRestricted accesspt_BR
dc.titleOn the noxious black amazonian scorpion, Tityus obscurus (Scorpiones, Buthidae): taxonomic notes, biology, medical importance and envenoming treatmentpt_BR
dc.typeArticlept_BR
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.toxicon.2023.107125pt_BR
dc.identifier.urlhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.toxicon.2023.107125pt_BR
dc.contributor.external(INPA) Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazôniapt_BR
dc.contributor.external(USP) Universidade de São Paulopt_BR
dc.contributor.externalAmerican Museum of Natural History New Yorkpt_BR
dc.contributor.external(IFPA) Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia do Parápt_BR
dc.contributor.external(UFPA) Universidade Federal do Parápt_BR
dc.contributor.external(UFCG) Universidade Federal de Campina Grandept_BR
dc.contributor.external(UEA) Universidade do Estado do Amazonaspt_BR
dc.identifier.citationvolume228pt_BR
dc.subject.keywordarboreal scorpionpt_BR
dc.subject.keywordblack scorpionpt_BR
dc.subject.keywordscorpion envenoming symptomspt_BR
dc.subject.keywordethnobotanical knowledgept_BR
dc.subject.keywordclinical manifestationspt_BR
dc.subject.keywordtraditional treatmentpt_BR
dc.relation.ispartofabbreviatedToxiconpt_BR
dc.identifier.citationabntv. 228, 107125, abr. 2023pt_BR
dc.identifier.citationvancouver2023 Apr; 228:107125pt_BR
dc.contributor.butantanCandido, Denise Maria|:Técnico|:Lab. Artrópodes|:pt_BR
dc.identifier.bvsccBR78.1pt_BR
dc.identifier.bvsdbIBProdpt_BR
dc.description.dbindexedYespt_BR
dc.description.internalliberado apenas preprintpt_BR
item.languageiso639-1English-
item.openairetypeArticle-
item.fulltextSem Texto completo-
item.grantfulltextnone-
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