A new species of chigger mite and the record of a gastrointestinal nematode in Sceloporus Cautus (Squamata: Phrynosomatidae) from the chihuahuan desert province in Coahuila, Mexico
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The chigger species Acomatacarus coahuilensis n. sp. (Acariformes: Trombidiformes: Leeuwenhoekiidae) inhabiting the neck scales of the wary spiny lizard Sceloporus cautus Smith, 1938 (Squamata: Iguania: Phrynosomatidae), from Chihuahuan Desert Province, Coahuila, Mexico, is described herein. The new mite species is assigned to the genus Acomatacarus Ewing, 1942, based on a palptarsus with 6 branched setae plus the tarsala (ω). This new species can be separated from the other species in this genus mainly based on the combination of the following characters: presence of mastisetae (MTa) on tarsus III and tibiala (φ) on tibia III, subterminala (ζ1), parasubterminala (z), and pretarsala (ζ2) on tarsus I, 2 genualae (σ1-2) on genu I, onychotriches and claw-like empodium of legs I–III, and absence of mastisetae on tibia III. In addition to the new species, the gastrointestinal nematode Skrjabinoptera phrynosoma (Ortlepp, 1922) Schulz, 1927 (Physalopteridae), was also found, which represents a new host record in the wary spiny lizard. This study reports the third species of the genus Acomatacarus recorded from Mexico and the first record of chigger mites and helminth parasites associated with Sc. cautus.
Trejo-Palacios SJ., Martínez-Salazar EA., Rosas-Valdez R, Bassini-Silva R. A new species of chigger mite and the record of a gastrointestinal nematode in sceloporus cautus (Squamata: Phrynosomatidae) from the chihuahuan desert province in Coahuila, Mexico. International Journal For Parasitology***. 2023 Oct; 17(7):514-524. doi:10.1645/22-117.
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