Metabolic flux reprogramming in Mycobacterium tuberculosis-infected human macrophages
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Metabolic fluxes are at the heart of metabolism and growth in any living system. During tuberculosis (TB) infection, the pathogenic Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) adapts its nutritional behaviour and metabolic fluxes to survive in human macrophages and cause infection. The infected host cells also undergo metabolic changes. However, our knowledge of the infected host metabolism and identification of the reprogrammed metabolic flux nodes remains limited. In this study, we applied systems-based 13C-metabolic flux analysis (MFA) to measure intracellular carbon metabolic fluxes in Mtb-infected human THP-1 macrophages. We provide a flux map for infected macrophages that quantified significantly increased fluxes through glycolytic fluxes towards pyruvate synthesis and reduced pentose phosphate pathway fluxes when compared to uninfected macrophages. The tri carboxylic acid (TCA) cycle fluxes were relatively low, and amino acid fluxes were reprogrammed upon Mtb infection. The knowledge of host metabolic flux profiles derived from our work expands on how the host cell adapts its carbon metabolism in response to Mtb infection and highlights important nodes that may provide targets for developing new therapeutics to improve TB treatment.
Slater KB, Moraes L, Xu Y, Kim D. Metabolic flux reprogramming in Mycobacterium tuberculosis-infected human macrophages. Front. Microbiol.. 2023 Nov; 14. doi:10.3389/fmicb.2023.1289987.
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