Molecular phylogeny and revision of the false violin spiders (Araneae: Drymusidae) of Africa

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dc.contributorLab. Coleções Zoológicaspt_BR
dc.contributor.authorLabarque, Facundo Martínpt_BR
dc.contributor.authorPerez-Gonzalez, Abelpt_BR
dc.contributor.authorGriswold, Charles E.pt_BR
dc.identifier.citationLabarque FM, Perez-Gonzalez A, Griswold CE.. Molecular phylogeny and revision of the false violin spiders (Araneae: Drymusidae) of Africa. Zool. J. Linn. Soc.. 2018 Jun;183(2):390-430. doi:10.1093/zoolinnean/zlx088.pt_BR
dc.description.abstractThe family Drymusidae includes 16 cryptic spiders that build irregular webs in dark places. The family is distributed in South Africa, the Neotropical and Andean regions. Here, we use a molecular approach to infer the relationships of Drymusidae using three mitochondrial (COI, 16S, 12S) and three nuclear (H3, 28S, 18S) markers. Our preferred analyses support Drymusidae and its American and African clades, which emerge as sister groups. Our analyses suggest a Gondwanan distribution of Drymusidae and a Westward radiation of Izithunzi gen. nov. within South Africa, but both hypotheses remain to be thoroughly tested. We describe Izithunzi gen. nov. for the African species. All previous African species are redescribed and new combinations are proposed: Izithunzi capense (Simon) comb. nov., Izithunzi productum (Purcell) comb. nov. and Izithunzi silvicola (Purcell) comb. nov. Two new species are described: Izithunzi lina sp. nov. (known from both sexes) and Izithunzi zondii sp. nov. (known only from females). The male of I. productum (Purcell) comb. nov. is also described for the first time. We consider Loxosceles valida Lawrence, 1964, a junior synonym of I. capense (Simon) comb. nov. (new synonymy). We also provide a dichotomous key for Izithunzi gen. nov. species.pt_BR
dc.description.sponsorship(FAPESP) Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulopt_BR
dc.description.sponsorshipMarion Schlinger Foundationpt_BR
dc.description.sponsorship(NSF) National Science Foundationpt_BR
dc.description.sponsorship(ANPCyT) Agencia Nacional de Promoción Científica y Tecnológicapt_BR
dc.description.sponsorshipCalifornia Academy of Sciencespt_BR
dc.format.extentp. 390-430pt_BR
dc.relation.ispartofZoological Journal of The Linnean Societypt_BR
dc.rightsRestricted accesspt_BR
dc.titleMolecular phylogeny and revision of the false violin spiders (Araneae: Drymusidae) of Africapt_BR
dc.contributor.externalCalifornia Academy of Sciencespt_BR
dc.contributor.external(CONICET) Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicaspt_BR
dc.contributor.externalSan Francisco State University¦¦Estados Unidospt_BR
dc.contributor.externalUniversity of California, Berkeley¦¦Estados Unidospt_BR
dc.contributor.externalGeorge Washington Universitypt_BR
dc.contributor.external(MACN) Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales Bernardino Rivadaviapt_BR
dc.relation.ispartofabbreviatedZool J Linn Socpt_BR
dc.identifier.citationabntv. 183, n. 2, p. 390-430, jun. 2018pt_BR
dc.identifier.citationvancouver2018 Jun;183(2):390-430pt_BR
dc.contributor.butantanLabarque, Facundo Martín|:Aluno|:Lab. Coleções Zoológicas|:PrimeiroAutor:Autor de correspondênciapt_BR
dc.sponsorship.butantanAgencia Nacional de Promocion Cientifica y Tecnologica (ANPCyT)¦¦PICT 2015-0283pt_BR
dc.sponsorship.butantanCalifornia Academy of Sciences¦¦pt_BR
dc.sponsorship.butantanFundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)¦¦2014/23369-2pt_BR
dc.sponsorship.butantanNational Science Foundation (NSF)¦¦EAR-0228699pt_BR
dc.sponsorship.butantanMarion Schlinger Foundation¦¦pt_BR
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