Factors that can influence the survival rates of coral snakes (Micrurus corallinus) for antivenom production

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dc.contributorLab. Herpetologiapt_BR
dc.contributor.authorMendes, Guilherme Fernandespt_BR
dc.contributor.authorStuginski, Daniel Rodriguespt_BR
dc.contributor.authorLoibel, Selene M. C.pt_BR
dc.contributor.authorMorais-Zani, Karen dept_BR
dc.contributor.authorRocha, Marisa Maria Teixeira dapt_BR
dc.contributor.authorFerreira Junior, Wilson Alvespt_BR
dc.contributor.authorSant'Anna, Sávio Stefaninipt_BR
dc.contributor.authorGrego, Kathleen Fernandespt_BR
dc.date.accessioned2020-07-09T21:22:48Z-
dc.date.available2020-07-09T21:22:48Z-
dc.date.issued2019pt_BR
dc.identifier.citationMendes GF, Stuginski DR, Loibel SM.C., Morais-Zani K, Rocha MMT, Ferreira Junior WA, et al. Factors that can influence the survival rates of coral snakes (Micrurus corallinus) for antivenom production. J Anim Sci. 2019 Feb;97(2):972-980. doi:10.1093/jas/sky467.pt_BR
dc.identifier.urihttps://repositorio.butantan.gov.br/handle/butantan/2667-
dc.description.abstractEnvenoming and deaths resulting from snakebites are a particularly important public health problem in rural tropical areas of Africa, Asia, Latin America, and New Guinea. In 2015, The Lancet highlighted snake-bite envenoming as a neglected tropical disease and urged the world to increase antivenom production. In Brazil, around 20,000 snakebites occur per year affecting mostly agricultural workers and children, of which 1% is caused by coral snakes (Micrurus sp.). Although human envenoming by coral snakes is relatively rare due to their semifossorial habits and nonaggressive behavior, they are always considered severe due to the neurotoxic, myotoxic, hemorrhagic, and cardiovascular actions of their venom, which is highly toxic when compared to the venom of other Brazilian venomous snakes as Bothrops sp. (pit vipers), Crotalus sp. (rattlesnakes), and Lachesis sp. (bushmasters). The production of antivenom serum is an important public health issue worldwide and the maintenance of venomous snakes in captivity essential to obtain high-quality venom. Though more than 30 species of Brazilian coral snakes exist, the specific antivenom serum produced with the venom of two species, Micrurus corallinus and M. frontalis, is able to neutralize the accidents caused by the genus in general. M. corallinus is considered a difficult species to maintain in captivity and concerned about this difficulty the Laboratory of Herpetology (LH) at Instituto Butantan, over the last 10 yr, has given special attention to its maintenance in captivity. In more than 20 yr of maintenance, LH has made some changes to improve Micrurus captive husbandry and welfare. The objective of this study was to verify the factors influencing the survival rates of coral snakes in captivity through data generated from 289 M. corallinus from the LH snake facility in the last 10 yr. We observed that survival rates increased significantly with the improvement of nutritional adequacy that included freezing food items before offering them to coral snakes, as well as the development of a new pasty diet to force-feed anorexic animals. Another important factor responsible for increasing life expectancy was the shift of the cage's substrate from Sphagnum to bark in 2010, aiding in the eradication of Blister Disease, which used to be responsible for the death of several coral snakes in previous years.pt_BR
dc.format.extentp. 972-980pt_BR
dc.language.isoEnglishpt_BR
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Animal Sciencept_BR
dc.titleFactors that can influence the survival rates of coral snakes (Micrurus corallinus) for antivenom productionpt_BR
dc.typeArticlept_BR
dc.identifier.doi10.1093/jas/sky467pt_BR
dc.identifier.urlhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jas/sky467pt_BR
dc.contributor.externalUniversidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho (UNESP)¦¦Brasilpt_BR
dc.identifier.citationvolume97pt_BR
dc.identifier.citationissue2pt_BR
dc.subject.keywordcoral snakespt_BR
dc.subject.keywordmaintenancept_BR
dc.subject.keywordhusbandrypt_BR
dc.subject.keywordnutritionpt_BR
dc.subject.keywordsurvival ratept_BR
dc.relation.ispartofabbreviatedJ Anim Scipt_BR
dc.identifier.citationabntv. 97, n. 2, p. 972-980, fev. 2019pt_BR
dc.identifier.citationvancouver2019 Feb;97(2):972-980pt_BR
dc.contributor.butantanMendes, Guilherme Fernandes|:Aluno|:Lab. Herpetologia|:PrimeiroAutorpt_BR
dc.contributor.butantanStuginski, Daniel Rodrigues|:Técnico|:Lab. Herpetologia|:pt_BR
dc.contributor.butantanMorais-Zani, Karen de|:Pesquisador|:Lab. Herpetologia|:pt_BR
dc.contributor.butantanRocha, Marisa Maria Teixeira da|:Técnico|:Lab. Herpetologia|:pt_BR
dc.contributor.butantanFerreira Junior, Wilson Alves|:Aluno|:Lab. Herpetologia|:pt_BR
dc.contributor.butantanSant'Anna, Sávio Stefanini|:Pesquisador|:Lab. Herpetologia|:pt_BR
dc.contributor.butantanGrego, Kathleen Fernandes|:Pesquisador|:Lab. Herpetologia|:Autor de correspondênciapt_BR
dc.identifier.bvsccBR78.1pt_BR
dc.identifier.bvsdbIBProdpt_BR
dc.description.dbindexedYespt_BR
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item.languageiso639-1English-
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