Photobiomodulation of matrix metalloproteinases in rat calcaneal tendons

Objective: The main objective was to verify the modulatory effects of MMP-1, MMP-3, and MMP-13 levels on the partially injured calcaneal tendons of rat exposure to photobiomodulation. Background: Photobiomodulation has been shown to have anti-inflammatory and regenerative effects on tendon injuries. However, there is still uncertainty regarding the beneficial effects in matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) levels, especially MMP-1, -3, and -13. Materials and methods: Sixty-five male Wistar rats were used. Sixty were submitted to a direct trauma on the calcaneal tendons and were randomly distributed into the following six groups: LASER 1, 3, and 7 (10 partially injured calcaneal tendons in each group treated with photobiomodulation for 1, 3, and 7 days, respectively) and Sham 1, 3, and 7 (same injury, with simulated photobiomodulation). The remaining five animals were allocated to the normal group (no injury or treatment procedure). The 780?nm low-level laser was applied with 70?mW of mean power and 17.5 J/cm2 of fluency for 10 sec, once a day. The tendons were surgically removed and analyzed for MMP-1, MMP-3, and MMP-13 through immunohistochemistry. Results: MMP-3 levels remained close to normal in all experimental groups (p > 0.05); however, reductions (p < 0.05) in MMP-1 and MMP-13 levels were detected in the groups submitted to one, three, and seven low level laser therapy applications. Conclusions: The photobiomodulation protocol was able to reduce MMP-1 and MMP-13 levels in injured calcaneal tendons.
Keywords
calcaneal tendon;  matrix metalloproteinases;  inflammation;  photobiomodulation;  tendinopathy

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de Jesus JF, Spadacci-Morena DD, Rabelo NDA, Pinfildi CE, Fukuda TY, Plapler H. Photobiomodulation of matrix metalloproteinases in rat calcaneal tendons. Photobiomodul. Photomed. Laser Surg.. 2019 Jul;37(7):421-427. doi:10.1089/photob.2019.4633.
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