Proteomic profile of follicular fluid from patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) submitted to in vitro fertilization (IVF) compared to oocyte donors.

OBJECTIVE: The follicular fluid (FF) of women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) seems to exhibit a profile different from that of fertile women, which may be related to folliculogenesis disruption in PCOS patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the differentially expressed proteins in the FF of women with PCOS compared to oocyte donors (ODs). METHODS: This screening study included thirteen (13) women who underwent in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles: seven (7) ODs and six (6) PCOS patients. The patients underwent standard ovarian stimulation, and the FF was analysed using ion trap and time-of-flight liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LCMS-IT-TOF). RESULTS: The FF of the patients was matched to 229 proteins, with 61 proteins exclusive to the PCOS group, 123 proteins exclusive to the ODs, and 45 proteins found in both groups. We highlight fetuin-A and vitamin D ligand protein, which were exclusively expressed in the PCOS group; Complement C3 overexpressed in the PCOS group; and 26S protease only expressed in the OD group. The canonical pathways LXR/RXR activation, FXR/RXR activation, prothrombin activation are directly related to the disrupted metabolism and increased inflammatory status found in PCOS patients. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of the differentially expressed proteins and matched pathways are associated with folliculogenesis, indicating it relevance to oocyte quality.
Keywords
polycystic ovary syndrome;  proteomic;  follicular fluid;  in vitro fertilization

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Domingues TS, Bonetti TCS, Pimenta DC, Mariano DOC, Barros B, Aquino AP, et al. Proteomic profile of follicular fluid from patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) submitted to in vitro fertilization (IVF) compared to oocyte donors.. JBRA Assist. Reprod.. 2019 Oct;23(4):367-391. doi:10.5935/1518-0557.20190041.
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