TCTP from loxosceles intermedia (Brown Spider) venom contributes to the allergic and inflammatory response of cutaneous loxoscelism

LiTCTP is a toxin from the Translationally Controlled Tumor Protein (TCTP) family identified in Loxosceles brown spider venoms. These proteins are known as histamine-releasing factors (HRF). TCTPs participate in allergic and anaphylactic reactions, which suggest their potential role as therapeutic targets. The histaminergic effect of TCTP is related to its pro-inflammatory functions. An initial characterization of LiTCTP in animal models showed that this toxin can increase the microvascular permeability of skin vessels and induce paw edema in a dose-dependent manner. We evaluated the role of LiTCTP in vitro and in vivo in the inflammatory and allergic aspects that undergo the biological responses observed in Loxoscelism, the clinical condition after an accident with Loxosceles spiders. Our results showed LiTCTP recombinant toxin (LiRecTCTP) as an essential synergistic factor for the dermonecrotic toxin actions (LiRecDT1, known as the main toxin in the pathophysiology of Loxoscelism), revealing its contribution to the exacerbated inflammatory response clinically observed in envenomated patients.
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Loxosceles;  brown spider;  TCTP;  venom;  toxin;  HRF

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Boia-Ferreira M, Moreno KG., Basílio AB.C., Silva LP., Vuitika L, Soley B, et al. TCTP from loxosceles intermedia (Brown Spider) venom contributes to the allergic and inflammatory response of cutaneous loxoscelism. Cells. 2019 Nov;8(12):1489. doi:10.3390/cells8121489.
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