Ticks and associated pathogens from rescued wild animals in rainforest fragments of northeastern Brazil

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dc.contributorLab. Coleções Zoológicaspt_BR
dc.contributor.authorFonseca, Maísa Santospt_BR
dc.contributor.authorBahiense, Thiago Campanharopt_BR
dc.contributor.authorSilva, Aretha Alves Borgespt_BR
dc.contributor.authorOnofrio, Valeria Castilhopt_BR
dc.contributor.authorBarral, Thiago Doriapt_BR
dc.contributor.authorSouza, Barbara Maria Paranápt_BR
dc.contributor.authorLira-da-Silva, Rejane Mariapt_BR
dc.contributor.authorBiondi, Ilkapt_BR
dc.contributor.authorMeyer, Robertopt_BR
dc.contributor.authorPortela, Ricardo Wagnerpt_BR
dc.date.accessioned2020-07-09T21:27:34Z-
dc.date.available2020-07-09T21:27:34Z-
dc.date.issued2020pt_BR
dc.identifier.citationFonseca MS, Bahiense TC, Silva AAB, Onofrio VC, Barral TD, Souza BMP, et al. Ticks and associated pathogens from rescued wild animals in rainforest fragments of northeastern Brazil. Front. Vet. Sci.. 2020 Apr;7:177. doi:10.3389/fvets.2020.00177.pt_BR
dc.identifier.urihttps://repositorio.butantan.gov.br/handle/butantan/3021-
dc.description.abstractThe Ixodidae family comprises ticks that are hematophagous ectoparasites and are considered vectors of several hemoparasites from the Anaplasmataceae family and the genus Hepatozoon, Babesia, and Rickettsia. These ectoparasites parasitize domestic and wild animals belonging to several vertebrate groups. Ticks are highly adapted to different biomes and thus possess a wide geographical distribution. In the Brazilian state of Bahia, localized in the Northeast region, there are large rainforest fragments. Studies have rarely been carried out on ticks, and their hemoparasites, that parasitize wild animals in this region. Thus, this study aimed to identify the tick species parasitizing wild animals rescued in rainforest fragments of Bahia and investigate the presence of hemoparasites in tick tissues. During a 2-year period, 238 ticks were collected from 41 wild mammalians, reptiles, and amphibians. These ectoparasites were taxonomically classified according to their morphological characteristics. The ticks identified belonged to five different species from the Ixodidae family: Amblyomma varium, Amblyomma rotundatum, Amblyomma nodosum, Ixodes loricatus, and Rhipicephalus sanguineus. For the first time, an A. rotundatum parasitizing the Mesoclemmys tuberculata turtle was described. PCR assays using DNA extracted from salivary glands or midgut of the ticks were performed to detect specific DNA fragments of hemoparasites from the genus Rickettsia, Ehrlichia, Babesia, Hepatozoon, and from the Anaplasmataceae family. The results showed positive detection of the Rickettsia genus (7.9%), Anaplasmataceae family (15.8%), and Hepatozoon genus (15.8%). Specific DNA from the Ehrlichia and Babesia genera were not detected in these samples. Specific DNA from members of the Anaplasmataceae family was detected in A. varium for the first time. The present work showed that amphibians, reptiles, and mammals from Bahia's Atlantic Forest areparasitized by different tick species, and that these ectoparasites present pathogens in their tissues that impact both humans and animals due to their zoonotic potential.pt_BR
dc.description.sponsorship(FAPEX) Fundação de Apoio à Pesquisa e à Extensãopt_BR
dc.format.extent177pt_BR
dc.language.isoEnglishpt_BR
dc.relation.ispartofFrontiers in Veterinary Sciencept_BR
dc.rightsOpen accesspt_BR
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/pt_BR
dc.titleTicks and associated pathogens from rescued wild animals in rainforest fragments of northeastern Brazilpt_BR
dc.typeArticlept_BR
dc.rights.licenseCC BYpt_BR
dc.identifier.doi10.3389/fvets.2020.00177pt_BR
dc.identifier.urlhttps://doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2020.00177pt_BR
dc.contributor.external(UFBA) Universidade Federal da Bahiapt_BR
dc.contributor.external(UNISA) Universidade Santo Amaropt_BR
dc.contributor.external(UEFS) Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santanapt_BR
dc.identifier.citationvolume7pt_BR
dc.subject.keywordAmblyomma spp.pt_BR
dc.subject.keywordAnaplasmataceae familypt_BR
dc.subject.keywordHepatozoon spp.pt_BR
dc.subject.keywordIxodes loricatuspt_BR
dc.subject.keywordRickettsia spp.pt_BR
dc.subject.keywordwildlife animalspt_BR
dc.relation.ispartofabbreviatedFront Vet Scipt_BR
dc.identifier.citationabntv. 7, 177, abr. 2020pt_BR
dc.identifier.citationvancouver2020 Apr;7:177pt_BR
dc.contributor.butantanOnofrio, Valeria Castilho|:Pesquisador|:Laboratório de Coleções Zoológicas|:pt_BR
dc.sponsorship.butantan(FAPEX) Fundação de Apoio à Pesquisa e à Extensão¦¦pt_BR
dc.identifier.bvsccBR78.1pt_BR
dc.identifier.bvsdbIBProdpt_BR
dc.description.dbindexedYespt_BR
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