Inhibitors of tumor necrosis factor synthesis as a new approach for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis

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Objective: The treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is based on the inhibition of TNF. Here we evaluated whether drugs that might inhibit TNF, such as pentoxifylline (PTX), rupatadine (RUP), rolipram (ROL) and thalidomide (THA), could be an alternative for RA treatment. Methods: In wistar male rats the changes in paw thickness, plasma TNF and by the activity of basic aminopeptidase (APB) in soluble fraction of synovial tissue and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) evaluated after daily injection for 30 days were taken as anti-inflammatory outputs, while hepatotoxicity was assessed by measuring plasma alanine transaminase (ALT) and aspartate transaminase (AST) activity. The content of IL1-β, IL-6 in serum and synovial fluid and the histology of the injured tissue were determined only for ROL, THA and ROL+THA. Prednisolone was used as a standard drug. Results: Collagen treatment induced paw thickness, histological changes in the tibiotarsal joint, increase in synovial fluid of both cytokines and synovial tissue of APB activity. Furthermore, the APB activity in PBMC was reduced and ALT and AST activity were enhanced. The most effective drug schedule in reducing arthritis induced changes described above, as well as recovering from control levels TNF, IL1-β, APB in synovial tissue and AST activities were THA and the association of ROL and THA. However, only THA alone reduced the levels of ALT. Conclusion: The synthesis of TNF in RA models can be blocked by drugs acting at different targets. We show that THA and THA+ROL emerges as simple and effective therapeutic alternatives for RA.
Mendes MT, Vendrame RFA, Alves PL, Trevizan IL, Markus RP, Fernandes PA, et al. Inhibitors of tumor necrosis factor synthesis as a new approach for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. J. Arthritis. 2020 July;9(4):001-007. doi:4.
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