Intra-articular human deciduous dental pulp stem cell administration vs. pharmacological therapy in experimental osteoarthritis rat model

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OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to compare the molecular and morphological effects of diacerein and glucosamine-chondroitin drug treatment and intra-articular injection herapy of human deciduous dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs) in a rat knee model of induced osteoarthritis OA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-six adult male rats were randomly separated into six groups: Control group without induction of OA, osteoarthritis group 60 induction of OA, saline gavage started on day 14 and performed for 60 days, followed by euthanasia, osteoarthritis group induction of OA and euthanasia after 14 days, diacerein group, glucosamine-chondroitin group, and mesenchymal stem cell group. The drug-treated groups were gavaged with 50 mg/kg of diacerein and 400/500 mg/kg of glucosamine-chondroitin starting on dat 14 for 60 days. The cell therapy-treated group received an intra-articular single dose of 8 × 105 hDPSCs on day 14, and euthanasia was performed after 60 days. Lateral femoral condyles were collected and prepared for immunohistochemistry and light microscopy procedures. RESULTS: The morphological features and immunoexpression of SOX-5, IHH, MMP-8, MMP-13, and Type II collagen were statistically analysed. Our data suggest that hDPSC therapy contributes more actively and effectively in the structural reorganization of lateral femoral condyles. In contrast, the glucosamine-chondroitin sulphate treatment was more effective in inflammatory control, while diacerein showed better results associated with the maintenance of the primordial cartilage. CONCLUSIONS: The positive therapeutic effect of daily administered conventional drugs can be confirmed in a rat model of OA. However, one single dose of locally administered hDPSCs provides significant improvement in tissue regeneration in an OA model.
Maldonado D.C, Nicoliche T., Faber J., Kerkis I, Saez D.M, Sasaki R.T, et al. Intra-articular human deciduous dental pulp stem cell administration vs. pharmacological therapy in experimental osteoarthritis rat model. Eur. Rev. Med. Pharmacol. Sci.. 2021 ;25(9):3546-3556. doi:10.26355/eurrev_202105_25837.
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