Notes on the hyperossified pumpkin toadlets of the genus Brachycephalus (Anura: Brachycephalidae) with the description of a new species

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dc.contributorLab. Coleções Zoológicaspt_BR
dc.contributor.authorCondez, Thais H.pt_BR
dc.contributor.authorMonteiro, Juliane P.C.pt_BR
dc.contributor.authorMalagoli, Leo R.pt_BR
dc.contributor.authorTrevine, Vivian Carlospt_BR
dc.contributor.authorSchunck, Fabiopt_BR
dc.contributor.authorGarcia, Paulo C.A.pt_BR
dc.contributor.authorHaddad, Célio F.B.pt_BR
dc.identifier.citationCondez TH., Monteiro JP.C., Malagoli LR., Trevine VC, Schunck F, Garcia PC.A., et al. Notes on the Hyperossified Pumpkin Toadlets of the genus Brachycephalus (Anura: Brachycephalidae) with the description of a New Species. Herpetologica. 2021 June;77(2):176-194. doi:10.1655/HERPETOLOGICA-D-20-00031.pt_BR
dc.description.abstractFour species of pumpkin toadlets are currently recognized by the extreme condition of hyperossification in the skull and vertebral column within the genus Brachycephalus. In addition to their larger body size, relative to other congeneric species, Brachycephalus darkside, Brachycephalus ephippium, Brachycephalus garbeanus, and Brachycephalus margaritatus share remarkable osteological features, such as the large paravertebral plates forming an ornamented dorsal bone shield, visible through the integument. We add to the current knowledge of this group by analyzing its diversity and describing a new hyperossified species from some important Atlantic Forest remnants in southeastern Brazil, including those bordering São Paulo, the largest and most populous city in South America. The new species is diagnosed by a combination of morphological, osteological, and bioacoustic characters, with further evidence of mtDNA sequences to confirm its distinction from the other congeners. The parotic and paravertebral bone plates externally bordered with a rough and pale contour can readily distinguish the new species from the other hyperossified species within Brachycephalus. The new species is widely distributed along the Serra do Mar mountain range, including the regionally named Serra de Paranapiacaba, in elevations from 700 to 1000 m above sea level (a.s.l.), in the central coast of the state of São Paulo, southeastern Brazil. We discuss valuable morphological characters within this group of species, reinforce the need for further studies, and highlight the relevance of protected areas for biodiversity conservation in metropolitan regions.pt_BR
dc.description.sponsorshipMinistério do Meio Ambientept_BR
dc.description.sponsorship(COTEC/IF) Comissão Técnico-Científica do Instituto Florestalpt_BR
dc.description.sponsorship(FAPESP) Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulopt_BR
dc.description.sponsorship(CNPq) Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológicopt_BR
dc.description.sponsorship(CAPES) Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superiorpt_BR
dc.description.sponsorshipFundação Grupo Boticáriopt_BR
dc.rightsRestricted accesspt_BR
dc.titleNotes on the hyperossified pumpkin toadlets of the genus Brachycephalus (Anura: Brachycephalidae) with the description of a new speciespt_BR
dc.contributor.external(INMA) Instituto Nacional da Mata Atlânticapt_BR
dc.contributor.external(UNESP) Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filhopt_BR
dc.contributor.external(Fundação Florestal) Fundação para a Conservação e a Produção Florestal do Estado de São Paulopt_BR
dc.contributor.external(CBRO) Comitê Brasileiro de Registros Ornitológicospt_BR
dc.contributor.external(UFMG) Universidade Federal de Minas Geraispt_BR
dc.subject.keywordBone shieldpt_BR
dc.identifier.citationabntv. 77, n. 2, p. 176-194, jun. 2021pt_BR
dc.identifier.citationvancouver2021 June;77(2):176-194pt_BR
dc.contributor.butantanTrevine, Vivian Carlos|:Colaborador|:Lab. Coleções Zoológicaspt_BR
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