The modulatory effect of crotoxin and its phospholipase A2 subunit from Crotalus durissus terrificus venom on dendritic cells interferes with the generation of effector CD4+ T lymphocytes
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Dendritic Cells (DCs) direct either cellular immune response or tolerance. The crotoxin (CTX) and its CB subunit (phospholipase A2) isolated from Crotalus durissus terrificus rattlesnake venom modulate the DCs maturation induced by a TLR4 agonist. Here, we analyzed the potential effect of CTX and CB subunit on the functional ability of DCs to induce anti-ovalbumin (OVA) immune response. Thus, CTX and CB inhibited the maturation of OVA/LPS-stimulated BM-DCs from BALB/c mice, which means inhibition of costimulatory and MHC-II molecules expression and proinflammatory cytokines secretion, accompanied by high expression of ICOSL, PD-L1/2, IL-10 and TGF-β mRNA expression. The addition of CTX and CB in cultures of BM-DCs incubated with ConA or OVA/LPS inhibited the proliferation of CD3+ or CD4+T cells from OVA-immunized mice. In in vitro experiment of co-cultures of purified CD4+T cells of DO11.10 mice with OVA/LPS-stimulated BM-DCs, the CTX or CB induced lowest percentage of Th1 and Th2 and CTX induced increase of Treg cells. In in vivo, CTX and CB induced lower percentage of CD4+IFNγ+ and CD4+IL-4+ cells, as well as promoted CD4+CD25+IL-10+ population in OVA/LPS-immunized mice. CTX in vivo also inhibited the maturation of DCs. Our findings demonstrate that the modulatory action of CTX and CB on DCs interferes with the generation of adaptive immunity and, therefore contribute for the understanding of the mechanisms involved in the generation of cellular immunity, which can be useful for new therapeutic approaches for immune disorders.
Freitas AP, Clissa PB, Rodríguez D, Câmara NO.S., Faquim Mauro EL. The modulatory effect of crotoxin and its phospholipase A2 subunit from Crotalus durissus terrificus venom on dendritic cells interferes with the generation of effector CD4+ T lymphocytes. Immunol Lett. 2021 Dec;240:56-70. doi:10.1016/j.imlet.2021.09.012.
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