Recombinant production and characterization of a new toxin from cryptops iheringi centipede venom revealed by proteome and transcriptome analysis


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English
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Abstract
Among the Chilopoda class of centipede, the Cryptops genus is one of the most associated with envenomation in humans in the metropolitan region of the state of São Paulo. To date, there is no study in the literature about the toxins present in its venom. Thus, in this work, a transcriptomic characterization of the Cryptops iheringi venom gland, as well as a proteomic analysis of its venom, were performed to obtain a toxin profile of this species. These methods indicated that 57.9% of the sequences showed to be putative toxins unknown in public databases; among them, we pointed out a novel putative toxin named Cryptoxin-1. The recombinant form of this new toxin was able to promote edema in mice footpads with massive neutrophils infiltration, linking this toxin to envenomation symptoms observed in accidents with humans. Our findings may elucidate the role of this toxin in the venom, as well as the possibility to explore other proteins found in this work.
Reference
Falcão LHADLS, Nishiyama Junior MY, Távora BCLF, Oliveira UC, Junqueira-de-Azevedo ILM, Faquim Mauro EL, et al. Recombinant production and characterization of a new toxin from cryptops iheringi centipede venom revealed by proteome and transcriptome analysis. Toxins. 2021 Dec;13(12):858. doi:10.3390/toxins13120858.
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https://repositorio.butantan.gov.br/handle/butantan/4054
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Issue Date
2021


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