Accuracy of the lee–white clotting time performed in the hospital routine to detect coagulopathy in Bothrops atrox envenomation

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Snake envenomation is a major public health problem in Brazil. Systemic complications that may arise from snakebites are mainly related to coagulopathy. The Lee–White clotting time (LWCT) is a simple and inexpensive test and available even in remote health facilities. However, the diagnostic value of such test needs to be evaluated to accurately diagnose coagulopathy in the clinical practice. This study aimed to assess the reliability of the LWCT performed in hospital routine to diagnose venom-induced coagulopathy. We studied 186 patients admitted at the Tropical Medicine Foundation Dr. Heitor Vieira Dourado in Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil, with Bothrops envenomation diagnosis. At admission, blood samples were collected for performing LWCT and the concentration of fibrinogen. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, likelihood ratios, diagnostic odds ratio, and accuracy were calculated with 95% confidence intervals. From the total, 85.5% had hypofibrinogenemia. The sensitivity of the LWCT to the diagnosis of hypofibrinogenemia was 78.0% and the specificity 40.7%. The accuracy of the test was 72.6%, and patients with a prolonged LWCT had 2.4 higher odds of developing hypofibrinogenemia. In addition, the LWCT was also compared with venom antigen levels and systemic hemorrhage. The LWCT showed moderate sensitivity to detect consumption coagulopathy and constitutes a valuable tool for the diagnosis of Bothrops snake envenomation and indication of antivenom therapy.
Sousa JDB, Sachett JAG, Oliveira SS, Mendonça-da-Silva I, Marques HO, Lacerda MVG, et al. Accuracy of the lee–white clotting time performed in the hospital routine to detect coagulopathy in Bothrops atrox envenomation. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 2018 Apr;98(5):1547–1551. doi:10.4269/ajtmh.17-0992.
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