TnP peptide suppresses experimental autoimmune Encephalomyelitis (EAE) in a preclinical mouse model

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TnP is a family of patented synthetic peptides which is in a preclinical development stage with valuable potential therapeutic indication for multiple sclerosis (MS), an autoimmune demyelinating disease of the central nervous system (CNS). The use of a preclinical animal model, such as experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) has deepened our knowledge of the immunomodulatory functions of TnP as a drug. We have shown that TnP possesses a disease suppressive function in EAE, ameliorating disease severity by 40% and suppressing the accumulation of T helper (Th)1- and Th17-producing lymphocytes (by 55% and 60%, respectively) in CNS along with activated microglia/macrophages populations (by 33% and 50%, respectively), and also conferred a protective effect anticipating the remyelination process to day 66 compared to day 83 of untreated cuprizone-mice. Here we expanded our knowledge about its effects compared with current first-line disease-modifying therapies (DMT). We demonstrated that prophylactic treatment with TnP generated similar protection to betaseron (30%) or was more effective than glatiramer (44% versus 6%) or fingolimod (50% versus 19%) against the development of clinical symptoms. Although TnP controlled the leukocyte infiltration (87% versus 82%) into demyelinated areas of the spinal cord in the same way as betaseron and fingolimod, it was more effective (72% to 78% decrease) in the long-term control of neuronal degeneration compared to them. Also, when compared to glatiramer, TnP was more efficient in reversing leukocytes infiltration into the spinal cord (55% versus 24%), as well as induced a higher percentage of regulatory cells in spleen (2.9-fold versus 2.3-fold increase over vehicle-treated EAE mice) an in the spinal cord (8-fold versus 6-fold increase over vehicle-treated EAE mice). This specialized TnP profile for inducing immune tolerance and neuronal regeneration has significant therapeutic potential for the treatment of MS and other autoimmune diseases.
Lima C, Maleski ALA, Bernardo JTG, Zelli VC, Komegae EN, Lopes-Ferreira M. TnP peptide suppresses experimental autoimmune Encephalomyelitis (EAE) in a preclinical mouse model. Front. Immunol. 2022 Mar;13:857692. doi:10.3389/fimmu.2022.857692.
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