Preliminary report on the hemagglutinating activity of the Scorpaena plumieri fish venom

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The scorpionfish Scorpaena plumieri is one of the most venomous fish species in the Brazilian coast. Amongst many biological activities, the S. plumieri fish venom (SpV) promotes hemagglutination. Although this activity appears to be associated to the presence of C-type lectins in the venom, it has not yet been chemically or functionally characterized. In the present work we sought to advance the characterization of the hemagglutinating activity associated to this venom. By fractionating SpV through saline precipitation followed by size exclusion chromatography we obtained two purified fractions - HF1 and HF3 - with Ca2+-dependent agglutinating activity against rabbit erythrocytes, which remained stable upon storage at 4 and -80oC. HF1 and HF3 were bacteriostatic against Gram-positive bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus), displaying minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 50 and 200 μg/mL, respectively. In addition, a resazurin-based viability assay revealed that both fractions, at doses up to 370 μg/mL, were cytotoxic against tumor and non-tumor cell lines. Finally, a tendency towards edema formation could be detected when the fractions - particularly HF1 - were injected into mice footpads. We believe our data contribute to a better understanding of the biological properties of the so often neglected fish venoms.
Fiorotti HB, Soares TG., Borges MH., Matavel A, Campos FV., Figueiredo SG.. Preliminary report on the hemagglutinating activity of the Scorpaena plumieri fish venom. An Acad Bras Ciênc. 2022 Mar; 94(4): e20200976. doi:10.1590/0001-376520220976.
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