O55 Polysaccharides are good antigen targets for the formulation of vaccines against O55 STEC and capsulated aEPEC strains


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English
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Abstract
The serogroup O55 of E. coli is composed of strains whose mechanisms of virulence are different from each other. Since the O55 polysaccharides are present in all E. coli O55 strains, and so are the polymers that compose the capsule of O55 atypical enteropathogenic E. coli (aEPEC), it was investigated whether anti-O55 antibodies were able to help the innate immune system to eliminate capsulated aEPEC and Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) belonging to the serogroup O55. The results demonstrate that the capsule of EPEC was able to inhibit the deposition of C3b on the bacterial surface and, as a consequence, their lysis by the alternative pathway of the complement system. However, in the presence of antibodies, the ability of the complement to lyse these pathogens was restored. It was also observed that macrophages were able to ingest EPEC and STEC, but they were only able to kill the ingested pathogens in the presence of antibodies. Anti-O55 antibodies were also able to inhibit aEPEC and STEC O55 adherence to human epithelial cells. In summary, the results demonstrated that the O55 polysaccharides have the potential to induce an effective humoral immune response against STEC and EPEC, indicating that they are good antigen targets to be used in vaccine formulations against these pathogens.
Reference
Silva HGS, Franzolin MR, Anjos GF, Barbosa AS, Santos LF, Miranda KF, et al. O55 Polysaccharides are good antigen targets for the formulation of vaccines against O55 STEC and capsulated aEPEC strains. Pathogens. 2022 Aug; 11(8):895. doi:10.3390/pathogens11080895.
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https://repositorio.butantan.gov.br/handle/butantan/4485
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https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens11080895
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2022


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