Two-dimensional blue native/SDS polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis for analysis of Brazilian Bothrops snake venoms


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English
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Abstract
Viperidae snakes are the most important agents of snakebites in Brazil. The protein composition of snake venoms has been frequently analyzed by means of electrophoretic techniques, but the interaction of proteins in venoms has barely been addressed. An electrophoretic technique that has gained prominence to study this type of interaction is blue native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (BN-PAGE), which allows for the high-resolution separation of proteins in their native form. These protein complexes can be further discriminated by a second-dimension gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) from lanes cut from BN-PAGE. Once there is no study on the use of bidimensional BN/SDS-PAGE with snake venoms, this study initially standardized the BN/SDS-PAGE technique in order to evaluate protein interactions in Bothrops atrox, Bothrops erythromelas, and Bothrops jararaca snake venoms. Results of BN/SDS-PAGE showed that native protein complexes were present, and that snake venom metalloproteinases and venom serine proteinases maintained their enzymatic activity after BN/SDS-PAGE. C-type lectin-like proteins were identified by Western blotting. Therefore, bidimensional BN/SDS-PAGE proved to be an easy, practical, and efficient method for separating functional venom proteins according to their assemblage in complexes, as well as to analyze their biological activities in further details.
Reference
Oliveira NF, Sachetto ATA, Santoro ML. Two-dimensional blue native/SDS polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis for analysis of Brazilian Bothrops snake venoms. Toxins. 2022 Sep; 14(10):661. doi:10.3390/toxins14100661.
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https://repositorio.butantan.gov.br/handle/butantan/4658
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2022


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