Adjuvant effect of mesoporous silica SBA-15 on anti-diphtheria and anti-tetanus humoral immune response

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Routine immunization against diphtheria and tetanus has drastically reduced the incidence of these diseases worldwide. Anti-diphtheria/tetanus vaccine has in general aluminum salt as adjuvant in its formulation that can produce several adverse effects. There is a growing interest in developing new adjuvants. In this study, we evaluated the efficiency of SBA-15 as an adjuvant in subcutaneous immunization in mice with diphtheria (dANA) and tetanus (tANA) anatoxins as well as with the mixture of them (dtANA). The tANA molecules and their encapsulation in SBA-15 were characterized using Small-Angle X-ray Scattering (SAXS), Dynamical Light Scattering (DLS), Nitrogen Adsorption Isotherm (NAI), Conventional Circular Dichroism (CD)/Synchrotron Radiation Circular Dichroism (SRCD) Spectroscopy, and Tryptophan Fluorescence Spectroscopy (FS). The primary and secondary antibody response elicited by subcutaneous immunization of High (HIII) and Low (LIII) antibody responder mice with dANA, tANA, or dtANA encapsulated in the SBA-15 were determined. We demonstrated that SBA-15 increases the immunogenicity of dANA and tANA antigens, especially when administered in combination. We also verified that SBA-15 modulates the antibody response of LIII mice, turning them into high antibody responder. Thus, these results suggest that SBA-15 may be an effective adjuvant for different vaccine formulations.
Trezena AG, Filho PLO, Silva LCC, Antonio NS, Dettmann VFB, Akamatsu MA, et al. Adjuvant effect of mesoporous silica SBA-15 on anti-diphtheria and anti-tetanus humoral immune response. Biologicals. 2022 Dec; 80:18-26. doi:10.1016/j.biologicals.2022.10.001.
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