Trypanosoma cruzi infection changes the chromatin proteome profile of infected human cells

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Chagas disease is endemic in 22 Latin American countries, with approximately 8 million individuals infected worldwide and 10,000 deaths yearly. Trypanosoma cruzi presents an intracellular life cycle in mammalian hosts to sustain infection. Parasite infection activates host cell responses, promoting an unbalance in reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the intracellular environment inducing genomic DNA lesions in the host cell during infection. To further understand changes in host cell chromatin induced by parasite infection, we investigated alterations in chromatin caused by infection by performing quantitative proteomic analysis. DNA Damage Repair proteins, such as Poly-ADP-ribose Polymerase 1 (PARP-1) and X-Ray Repair Cross Complementing 6 (XRRC6), were recruited to the chromatin during infection. Also, changes in chromatin remodeling enzymes suggest that parasite infection may shape the epigenome of the host cells. Interestingly, the abundance of oxidative phosphorylation mitochondrial and vesicle-mediated transport proteins increased in the host chromatin at the final stages of infection. In addition, Apoptosis-inducing Factor (AIF) is translocated to the host cell nucleus upon infection, suggesting that cells enter parthanatos type of death. Altogether, this study reveals how parasites interfere with the host cells' responses at the chromatin level leading to significant crosstalk that support and disseminate infection.
Florentino P.T.V., Vitorino F.N.L., Mendes D., Da Cunha JPC, Menck C.F.M.. Trypanosoma cruzi infection changes the chromatin proteome profile of infected human cells. J Proteomics. 2023 Feb; 272:104773. doi:10.1016/j.jprot.2022.104773.
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