Doderlin: isolation and characterization of a broad-spectrum antimicrobial peptide from Lactobacillus acidophilus

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Lactobacillus acidophilus are Gram-positive bacteria distributed in diverse environments, and as a component of the normal microbiota of gastrointestinal and urogenital tract, they are relevant for human beings. Classified as lactic acid bacteria, due to the production of lactic acid, Lactobacillus can also produce antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), which is a compound synthesized by all forms of life aiming for protecting themselves from threats and to increase their competitivity to survive in a specific environment. AMPs are molecules capable of inhibiting the growth of microorganisms and, due to the indiscriminate use of conventional antibiotics and the emergence of multi-resistant bacteria, they have become an alternative, not only for treating multi-resistant infections, but also for the identification of probiotic products and food conservation. Considering the rampant rise of bacterial resistance to classical antimicrobials, the present study aimed to isolate and characterize AMPs from L. acidophilus extracts. Lactobacillus acid extract was pre-fractionated on disposable cartridges, followed by a high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The collected fractions were evaluated in a liquid growth inhibition assay allowing to identify eight fractions with antimicrobial activity, and one of them showed antimicrobial activity against Candida albicans and, for this reason, was further characterized by mass spectrometry (MS). A peptide with a molecular mass of 1788.01 Da, showing the primary sequence NEPTHLLKAFSKAGFQ, as determined by MS, was named as Doderlin. Interestingly, antimicrobial molecules isolated from L. acidophilus have already been described previously, but few reports describe AMPs effective against C. albicans as the one reported here. We show here that this newly discovered molecule has a biological property with potential to be used in pharmaceutical and food companies, in the fight against contamination and/or for treating infections caused by microorganisms, respectively.
da Silva BS, Díaz-Roa A, Yamane ES., Hayashi MA.F., Silva Junior PI. Doderlin: isolation and characterization of a broad-spectrum antimicrobial peptide from Lactobacillus acidophilus. Res Microbiol. 2023 Mar; 174(3):103995. doi:10.1016/j.resmic.2022.103995.
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