Unveiling the peptidome diversity of Lachesis muta snake venom: discovery of novel fragments of metalloproteinase, l-amino acid oxidase, and bradykinin potentiating peptides
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Snake venoms are known to be major sources of peptides with different pharmacological properties. In this study, we comprehensively explored the venom peptidomes of three specimens of Lachesis muta, the largest venomous snake in South America, using mass spectrometry techniques. The analysis revealed 19 main chromatographic peaks common to all specimens. A total of 151 peptides were identified, including 69 from a metalloproteinase, 58 from the BPP-CNP precursor, and 24 from a l-amino acid oxidase. To our knowledge, 126 of these peptides were reported for the first time in this work, including a new SVMP-derived peptide fragment, Lm-10a. Our findings highlight the dynamic nature of toxin maturation in snake venoms, driven by proteolytic processing, post-translational modifications, and cryptide formation.
Ito LT., Miyamoto JG., Sant'Anna SS, Grego KF, Tanaka-Azevedo AM, Tashima AK.. Unveiling the peptidome diversity of Lachesis muta snake venom: discovery of novel fragments of metalloproteinase, l-amino acid oxidase, and bradykinin potentiating peptides. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2023 Nov; 683:149090. doi:10.1016/j.bbrc.2023.10.022.
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