Lipoatrophy-associated insulin resistance and hepatic steatosis are attenuated by intake of diet rich in omega 3 fatty acids
Moreira, Rafael J.; Castro, Érique; Oliveira, Tiago E.; Belchior, Thiago; Peixoto, Albert S.; Chaves-Filho, Adriano B.; Moreno, Mayara F.; Lima, Janayna D.; Yoshinaga, Marcos; Miyamoto, Sayuri; Morais, Mychel R. P. T.; Zorn, Telma M. T.; Cogliati, Bruno; Iwai, Leo Kei ; Palmisano, Giuseppe; Cabral, Fernanda J.; Festuccia, William
Scope Glucose homeostasis and progression of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and hepatomegaly in severe lipoatrophic mice and their modulation by intake of a diet rich in omega 3 (n-3) fatty acids (HFO) are evaluated. Methods and results Severe lipoatrophic mice induced by PPAR-gama deletion exclusively in adipocytes (A-PPARgama KO) and littermate controls (A-PPARgama WT) are evaluated for glucose homeostasis and liver mass, proteomics, lipidomics, inflammation, and fibrosis. Lipoatrophic mice are heavier than controls, severely glucose intolerant, and hyperinsulinemic, and develop NAFLD characterized by increased liver glycogen, triacylglycerol, and diacylglycerol contents, mitotic index, apoptosis, inflammation, steatosis score, fibrosis, and fatty acid synthase (FAS) content and activity. Lipoatrophic mice also display liver enrichment with monounsaturated in detriment of polyunsaturated fatty acids including n-3 fatty acids, and increased content of cardiolipin, a tetracyl phospholipid exclusively found at the mitochondria inner membrane. Administration of a high-fat diet rich in n-3 fatty acids (HFO) to lipoatrophic mice enriches liver with n-3 fatty acids, reduces hepatic steatosis, FAS content and activity, apoptosis, inflammation, and improves glucose homeostasis. Conclusion Diet enrichment with n-3 fatty acids improves glucose homeostasis and reduces liver steatosis and inflammation without affecting hepatomegaly in severe lipoatrophic mice.
inflammation; insulin resistance; lipoatrophy; nonalcoholic fatty liver disease; omega 3 fatty acids
Moreira RJ., Castro E, Oliveira TE., Belchior T, Peixoto AS., Chaves-Filho AB., et al. Lipoatrophy-associated insulin resistance and hepatic steatosis are attenuated by intake of diet rich in omega 3 fatty acids. Mol. Nutr. Food. Res.. 2020, Jan;1900833. doi:10.1002/mnfr.201900833.
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