Laser-photobiomodulation on experimental cancer pain model in walker tumor-256

Context Cancer Pain is considered a common and significant clinical problem in malignant neoplasms, comprising 20% to 50% of all patients with tumor progression. Laser photobiomodulation (L-PBM) has been used in a multitude of pain events, ranging from acute trauma to chronic articular. However, L-PBM has never been tested in cancer pain. Objectives Evaluate hyperalgesia, edema, COX-1, COX-2, IL-10, and Bdkrb1 mRNA in low-level laser irradiated Walker-256 tumor-bearing rats. Methods Rat hind paw injected with Walker Tumor-256 (W-256) and divided into six groups of 6 rats: G1 (control) - W-256 injected, G2- W-256 + Nimesulide, G3- W-256 + 1 J, G4- W-256 + 3 Jand G5- W256 + 6 J. Laser parameters: λ = 660 nm, 3.57 W/cm2, Ø = 0.028 cm2. Mechanical hyperalgesia was evaluated by Randall–Selitto test. Plethysmography measured edema; mRNA levels of COX-1, COX-2, IL-10, and Bdkrb1were analyzed. Results It was found that the W-256 + 1 J group showed a decrease in paw edema, a significant reduction in pain threshold. Higher levels of IL-10 and lower levels of COX-2 and Bdkrb1 were observed. Conclusion Results suggest that 1 J L-PBM reduced the expression of COX-2 and Bdkrb1 and increasing IL-10 gene expression, promoting analgesia to close levels to nimesulide.
Keywords
Low-level laser therapy;  Laser-photobiomodulation;  Cancer pain;  Walker Tumor-256;  COX;  IL-10;  Inflammation

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Petrellis MC, Fonseca GAMD, Pinto AB, Rosa FO, Maria DA, Shibli JA, et al. Laser-photobiomodulation on experimental cancer pain model in walker tumor-256. J. Photochem. Photobiol. B.. 2020 Sep;210:111979. doi:10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2020.111979.
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