Chemokine expression profiles in liver and kidney of mice with different susceptibilities to leptospirosis

Leptospirosis is a global disease that affects humans and animals, impacting public health and the economy. The symptoms caused by Leptospira infection can vary from mild to severe, affecting liver, lungs, and kidneys. The host-pathogen interaction in leptospirosis is still poorly understood, but there is evidence for the role of the host immune response in the pathogenesis. Chemokines are a family of structurally-related low-molecular-mass proteins (8–14 kDa) that signal the recruitment of leukocytes. In this study the profile of 22 chemokines were evaluated in liver and kidney of three mice strains with different phenotypes of susceptibility to leptospirosis. We extended our previously reported observations showing that expression of chemokines with homeostatic function, activation and chemotaxis of leukocytes are essential to modulate and to induce resistance to leptospirosis. Our findings support that an early induction of CXC chemokines in resistant BALB/c mice can be associated with the control of the infection. The correlation of chemokine expression between liver and kidney observed in BALB/c suggests that a balance of chemokine induction in the organs may contribute to resistance to leptospirosis.
Keywords
Chemokines;  C3H/HeJ mice;  BALB/c;  Leptospira;  Liver;  Kidney;  Leptospirosis

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Silva PLD, Nakajima E, Costa RM.A., Ho PL, Martins EAL, Carvalho E, et al. Chemokine expression profiles in liver and kidney of mice with different susceptibilities to leptospirosis. Microb. Pathog.. 2020 Dec;149:104580. doi:10.1016/j.micpath.2020.104580.
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