Detection of SARS-CoV-2 virus via dynamic light scattering using antibody-gold nanoparticle bioconjugates against viral spike protein
(UNB) Universidade de Brasília ; (UNICAMP) Universidade Estadual de Campinas ; (UFMG) Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais ; (UFT) Universidade Federal do Tocantins ; (UFG) Universidade Federal de Goiás ; (CETENE) Centro de Tecnologias Estratégicas do Nordeste ; (UFF) Universidade Federal Fluminense ; (USP) Universidade de São Paulo ; (UNICSUL) Universidade Cruzeiro do Sul
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Mass testing for the diagnosis of COVID-19 has been hampered in many countries owing to the high cost of genetic material detection. This study reports on a low-cost immunoassay for detecting SARS-CoV-2 within 30 min using dynamic light scattering (DLS). The immunosensor comprises 50-nm gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) functionalized with antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 spike glycoprotein, whose bioconjugation was confirmed using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), UV-Vis spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and surface-enhanced Raman scattering spectroscopy (SERS). The specific binding of the bioconjugates to the spike protein led to an increase in bioconjugate size, with a limit of detection (LOD) 5.29 × 103 TCID50/mL (Tissue Culture Infectious Dose). The immunosensor was also proven to be selective upon interaction with influenza viruses once no increase in size was observed after DLS measurement. The strategy proposed here aimed to use antibodies conjugated to AuNPs as a generic platform that can be extended to other detection principles, enabling technologies for low-cost mass testing for COVID-19.
Silva PB, Silva JR, Rodrigues MC, Vieira JA, Andrade IA, Nagata T, et al. Detection of SARS-CoV-2 virus via dynamic light scattering using antibody-gold nanoparticle bioconjugates against viral spike protein. Talanta. 2022 June;243:123355. doi:10.1016/j.talanta.2022.123355.
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